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北岡刃物製作所伝統工芸士 北岡英雄(助次・越前英雄作)【創業】年(明治元年) 現在3代目継承【業種】各種鍛造包丁製造【履歴】年 打刃物製造従事年 伝統 Computer system control method with user data via the surface of a print 画像空間の点対に関して良好に理解される方程式を解くことで8自由度透視変換33が
 
 

– Cricket 2004 game 自由 for pc

 

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Cricket for PC – GameFAQs.小島生物学御研究室〜利己的遺伝因子の世界〜トランスポゾン、ウイルス、プラスミド〜

 

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J Mol Biol. Sarrowa J, Chang DY, Maraia RJ. Chen Y, Sinha K, Perumal K, Gu J, Reddy R. Accurate 3′ end processing and adenylation of human signal recognition particle RNA and Alu RNA in vitro. Fusion of a free left Alu monomer and a free right Alu monomer at the origin of the Alu family in the primate genomes. Jurka J, Zuckerkandl E. Free left arms as precursor molecules in the evolution of Alu sequences. J Mol Evol. Quentin Y.

Origin of the Alu family: a family of Alu-like monomers gave birth to the left and the right arms of the Alu elements. A master sequence related to a free left Alu monomer FLAM at the origin of the B1 family in rodent genomes. Kriegs JO, Churakov G, Jurka J, Brosius J, Schmitz J. Evolutionary history of 7SL RNA-derived SINEs in Supraprimates.

Nishihara H, Terai Y, Okada N. Characterization of novel Alu- and tRNA-related SINEs from the tree shrew and evolutionary implications of their origins. Kapitonov V, Jurka J. The age of Alu subfamilies. Crystal structure of the essential N-terminal domain of telomerase reverse transcriptase. Erratum in: Nat Struct Mol Biol. Rouda S, Skordalakes E.

Structure of the RNA-binding domain of telomerase: implications for RNA recognition and binding. Gillis AJ, Schuller AP, Skordalakes E. Structure of the Tribolium castaneum telomerase catalytic subunit TERT. DNA Repair Amst. Stetson DB, Ko JS, Heidmann T, Medzhitov R. Trex1 prevents cell-intrinsic initiation of autoimmunity. Phylogenomic analysis reveals bees and wasps Hymenoptera at the base of the radiation of Holometabolous insects.

Krauss V, Thummler C, Georgi F, Lehmann J, Stadler PF, Eisenhardt C. Near intron positions are reliable phylogenetic markers: an application to holometabolous insects. Nanoarchaeum equitans creates functional tRNAs from separate genes for their 5′- and 3′-halves.

Randau L, Schroder I, Soll D. Life without RNase P. The DNA of ciliated protozoa. Microbiol Rev. Landweber LF, Kuo TC, Curtis EA. Evolution and assembly of an extremely scrambled gene. Nowacki M, Vijayan V, Zhou Y, Schotanus K, Doak TG, Landweber LF.

RNA-mediated epigenetic programming of a genome-rearrangement pathway. Programmed DNA deletion as an RNA-guided system of genome defense. Madireddi MT, Coyne RS, Smothers JF, Mickey KM, Yao MC, Allis CD. Pdd1p, a novel chromodomain-containing protein, links heterochromatin assembly and DNA elimination in Tetrahymena. Coyne RS, Nikiforov MA, Smothers JF, Allis CD, Yao MC. Parental expression of the chromodomain protein Pdd1p is required for completion of programmed DNA elimination and nuclear differentiation.

Nikiforov MA, Gorovsky MA, Allis CD. A novel chromodomain protein, pdd3p, associates with internal eliminated sequences during macronuclear development in Tetrahymena thermophila. Smothers JF, Mizzen CA, Tubbert MM, Cook RG, Allis CD. Pdd1p associates with germline-restricted chromatin and a second novel anlagen-enriched protein in developmentally programmed DNA elimination structures. Nikiforov MA, Smothers JF, Gorovsky MA, Allis CD.

Excision of micronuclear-specific DNA requires parental expression of pdd2p and occurs independently from DNA replication in Tetrahymena thermophila. Mochizuki K, Fine NA, Fujisawa T, Gorovsky MA.

Analysis of a piwi-related gene implicates small RNAs in genome rearrangement in Tetrahymena. Mochizuki K, Gorovsky MA. Conjugation-specific small RNAs in Tetrahymena have predicted properties of scan scn RNAs involved in genome rearrangement.

A Dicer-like protein in Tetrahymena has distinct functions in genome rearrangement, chromosome segregation, and meiotic prophase. Taverna SD, Coyne RS, Allis CD. Methylation of histone h3 at lysine 9 targets programmed DNA elimination in Tetrahymena. Liu Y, Mochizuki K, Gorovsky MA. Histone H3 lysine 9 methylation is required for DNA elimination in developing macronuclei in Tetrahymena.

Liu Y, Taverna SD, Muratore TL, Shabanowitz J, Hunt DF, Allis CD. RNAi-dependent H3K27 methylation is required for heterochromatin formation and DNA elimination in Tetrahymena. Human intrachromosomal telomeric-like repeats: sequence organization and mechanisms of origin. Nergadze SG, Rocchi M, Azzalin CM, Mondello C, Giulotto E.

Insertion of telomeric repeats at intrachromosomal break sites during primate evolution. Nergadze SG, Santagostino MA, Salzano A, Mondello C, Giulotto E. Contribution of telomerase RNA retrotranscription to DNA double-strand break repair during mammalian genome evolution. Genome Biol. In silico screening of archaeal tRNA-encoding genes having multiple introns with bulge-helix-bulge splicing motifs. Soma A, Onodera A, Sugahara J, Kanai A, Yachie N, Tomita M, Kawamura F, Sekine Y.

Permuted tRNA genes expressed via a circular RNA intermediate in Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Polydnavirus genome: integrated vs. free virus. J Insect Physiol. Espagne E, Dupuy C, Huguet E, Cattolico L, Provost B, Martins N, Poirie M, Periquet G, Drezen JM. Genome sequence of a polydnavirus: insights into symbiotic virus evolution.

Webb BA, Strand MR, Dickey SE, Beck MH, Hilgarth RS, Barney WE, Kadash K, Kroemer JA, Lindstrom KG, Rattanadechakul W, Shelby KS, Thoetkiattikul H, Turnbull MW, Witherell RA. Polydnavirus genomes reflect their dual roles as mutualists and pathogens. A new family of chimeric retrotranscripts formed by a full copy of U6 small nuclear RNA fused to the 3′ terminus of L1. Buzdin A, Gogvadze E, Kovalskaya E, Volchkov P, Ustyugova S, Illarionova A, Fushan A, Vinogradova T, Sverdlov E.

The human genome contains many types of chimeric retrogenes generated through in vivo RNA recombination. Gilbert N, Lutz S, Morrish TA, Moran JV. Multiple fates of L1 retrotransposition intermediates in cultured human cells. Garcia-Perez JL, Doucet AJ, Bucheton A, Moran JV, Gilbert N. Distinct mechanisms for trans-mediated mobilization of cellular RNAs by the LINE-1 reverse transcriptase. The cytoplasmic body component TRIM5alpha restricts HIV-1 infection in Old World monkeys.

Sakuma R, Noser JA, Ohmine S, Ikeda Y. Rhesus monkey TRIM5alpha restricts HIV-1 production through rapid degradation of viral Gag polyproteins. Nat Med. Yap MW, Nisole S, Stoye JP. A single amino acid change in the SPRY domain of human Trim5alpha leads to HIV-1 restriction. Sawyer SL, Wu LI, Emerman M, Malik HS. Positive selection of primate TRIM5alpha identifies a critical species-specific retroviral restriction domain.

Epub Feb 2. Kaiser SM, Malik HS, Emerman M. Restriction of an extinct retrovirus by the human TRIM5alpha antiviral protein.

CORE-SINEs: eukaryotic short interspersed retroposing elements with common sequence motifs. Ogiwara I, Miya M, Ohshima K, Okada N. V-SINEs: a new superfamily of vertebrate SINEs that are widespread in vertebrate genomes and retain a strongly conserved segment within each repetitive unit. Nishihara H, Smit AF, Okada N. Functional noncoding sequences derived from SINEs in the mammalian genome. Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome.

Erratum in: Nature Aug 2; Nature Jun 7; Szustakowki, J Holmes SE, Dombroski BA, Krebs CM, Boehm CD, Kazazian HH Jr. A new retrotransposable human L1 element from the LRE2 locus on chromosome 1q produces a chimaeric insertion. McNaughton JC, Hughes G, Jones WA, Stockwell PA, Klamut HJ, Petersen GB.

The evolution of an intron: analysis of a long, deletion-prone intron in the human dystrophin gene. Rozmahel R, Heng HH, Duncan AM, Shi XM, Rommens JM, Tsui LC. Amplification of CFTR exon 9 sequences to multiple locations in the human genome. Brouha B, Meischl C, Ostertag E, de Boer M, Zhang Y, Neijens H, Roos D, Kazazian HH Jr. Evidence consistent with human L1 retrotransposition in maternal meiosis I.

Am J Hum Genet. van den Hurk JA, van de Pol DJ, Wissinger B, van Driel MA, Hoefsloot LH, de Wijs IJ, van den Born LI, Heckenlively JR, Brunner HG, Zrenner E, Ropers HH, Cremers FP.

Novel types of mutation in the choroideremia CHM gene: a full-length L1 insertion and an intronic mutation activating a cryptic exon. Hum Genet. Chen JM, Stenson PD, Cooper DN, Ferec C.

A systematic analysis of LINE-1 endonuclease-dependent retrotranspositional events causing human genetic disease. Moran JV, Holmes SE, Naas TP, DeBerardinis RJ, Boeke JD, Kazazian HH Jr.

High frequency retrotransposition in cultured mammalian cells. Moran JV, DeBerardinis RJ, Kazazian HH Jr. Exon shuffling by L1 retrotransposition. Goodier JL, Ostertag EM, Kazazian HH Jr. Transduction of 3′-flanking sequences is common in L1 retrotransposition. Hum Mol Genet. Pickeral OK, Makalowski W, Boguski MS, Boeke JD. Frequent human genomic DNA transduction driven by LINE-1 retrotransposition.

Myers JS, Vincent BJ, Udall H, Watkins WS, Morrish TA, Kilroy GE, Swergold GD, Henke J, Henke L, Moran JV, Jorde LB, Batzer MA. A comprehensive analysis of recently integrated human Ta L1 elements.

Szak ST, Pickeral OK, Makalowski W, Boguski MS, Landsman D, Boeke JD. Molecular archeology of L1 insertions in the human genome.

Szak ST, Pickeral OK, Landsman D, Boeke JD. Identifying related L1 retrotransposons by analyzing 3′ transduced sequences.

Ejima Y, Yang L. Trans mobilization of genomic DNA as a mechanism for retrotransposon-mediated exon shuffling. RIP: the evolutionary cost of genome defense.

RNA-templated DNA repair. Retroelements containing introns in diverse invertebrate taxa. Morrish TA, Garcia-Perez JL, Stamato TD, Taccioli GE, Sekiguchi J, Moran JV. Endonuclease-independent LINE-1 retrotransposition at mammalian telomeres. Gladyshev EA, Arkhipova IR. Telomere-associated endonuclease-deficient Penelope-like retroelements in diverse eukaryotes. An expressed pseudogene regulates the messenger-RNA stability of its homologous coding gene.

Gray TA, Wilson A, Fortin PJ, Nicholls RD. The putatively functional Mkrn1-p1 pseudogene is neither expressed nor imprinted, nor does it regulate its source gene in trans.

Crystal structure of the targeting endonuclease of the human LINE-1 retrotransposon. Maita N, Anzai T, Aoyagi H, Mizuno H, Fujiwara H. Crystal structure of the endonuclease domain encoded by the telomere-specific long interspersed nuclear element, TRAS1.

Anzai T, Takahashi H, Fujiwara H. Sequence-specific recognition and cleavage of telomeric repeat TTAGG n by endonuclease of non-long terminal repeat retrotransposon TRAS1.

Maita N, Aoyagi H, Osanai M, Shirakawa M, Fujiwara H. Characterization of the sequence specificity of the R1Bm endonuclease domain by structural and biochemical studies. Feng Q, Schumann G, Boeke JD. Retrotransposon R1Bm endonuclease cleaves the target sequence. CRISPR provides acquired resistance against viruses in prokaryotes.

DNA repair mediated by endonuclease-independent LINE-1 retrotransposition. An env-like protein encoded by a Drosophila retroelement: evidence that gypsy is an infectious retrovirus. Pelisson A, Song SU, Prud’homme N, Smith PA, Bucheton A, Corces VG. Gypsy transposition correlates with the production of a retroviral envelope-like protein under the tissue-specific control of the Drosophila flamenco gene. Malik HS, Henikoff S, Eickbush TH.

Poised for contagion: evolutionary origins of the infectious abilities of invertebrate retroviruses. Rohrmann GF, Karplus PA. Relatedness of baculovirus and gypsy retrotransposon envelope proteins. BMC Evol Biol. Wright DA, Voytas DF. Athila4 of Arabidopsis and Calypso of soybean define a lineage of endogenous plant retroviruses. Vicient CM, Kalendar R, Schulman AH. Envelope-class retrovirus-like elements are widespread, transcribed and spliced, and insertionally polymorphic in plants.

Pantazidis A, Labrador M, Fontdevila A. The retrotransposon Osvaldo from Drosophila buzzatii displays all structural features of a functional retrovirus. Peterson-Burch BD, Voytas DF. Laten HM, Majumdar A, Gaucher EA. Bowen NJ, McDonald JF.

Genomic analysis of Caenorhabditis elegans reveals ancient families of retroviral-like elements. Kim A, Terzian C, Santamaria P, Pelisson A, Purd’homme N, Bucheton A. Retroviruses in invertebrates: the gypsy retrotransposon is apparently an infectious retrovirus of Drosophila melanogaster. In vivo RNA localization of I factor, a non-LTR retrotransposon, requires a cis-acting signal in ORF2 and ORF1 protein. Van De Bor V, Hartswood E, Jones C, Finnegan D, Davis I.

gurken and the I factor retrotransposon RNAs share common localization signals and machinery. Dev Cell. Transposition of hAT elements links transposable elements and V D J recombination. Hickman AB, Perez ZN, Zhou L, Musingarimi P, Ghirlando R, Hinshaw JE, Craig NL, Dyda F. Molecular architecture of a eukaryotic DNA transposase. Agrawal A, Eastman QM, Schatz DG. Transposition mediated by RAG1 and RAG2 and its implications for the evolution of the immune system.

Hiom K, Melek M, Gellert M. DNA transposition by the RAG1 and RAG2 proteins: a possible source of oncogenic translocations. Lee GS, Neiditch MB, Sinden RR, Roth DB. Targeted transposition by the V D J recombinase. Melek M, Gellert M, van Gent DC. Rejoining of DNA by the RAG1 and RAG2 proteins. Footprint of the retrotransposon R2Bm protein on its target site before and after cleavage. Christensen SM, Eickbush TH. R2 target-primed reverse transcription: ordered cleavage and polymerization steps by protein subunits asymmetrically bound to the target DNA.

Christensen SM, Bibillo A, Eickbush TH. Role of the Bombyx mori R2 element N-terminal domain in the target-primed reverse transcription TPRT reaction. Christensen SM, Ye J, Eickbush TH. RNA from the 5′ end of the R2 retrotransposon controls R2 protein binding to and cleavage of its DNA target site.

Novel retrotransposon analysis reveals multiple mobility pathways dictated by hosts. Ichiyanagi K, Okada N. Genomic alterations upon integration of zebrafish L1 elements revealed by the TANT method.

An intron-encoded protein assists RNA splicing of multiple similar introns of different bacterial genes. Mohr G, Lambowitz AM. Nakagawa N, Sakurai N. A mutation in At-nMat1a, which encodes a nuclear gene having high similarity to group II intron maturase, causes impaired splicing of mitochondrial NAD4 transcript and altered carbon metabolism in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Plant Cell Physiol. The small RNA profile during Drosophila melanogaster development. Sarot E, Payen-Groschene G, Bucheton A, Pelisson A. Evidence for a piwi-dependent RNA silencing of the gypsy endogenous retrovirus by the Drosophila melanogaster flamenco gene.

Aravin AA, Naumova NM, Tulin AV, Vagin VV, Rozovsky YM, Gvozdev VA. Double-stranded RNA-mediated silencing of genomic tandem repeats and transposable elements in the D. melanogaster germline. Kalmykova AI, Klenov MS, Gvozdev VA. Argonaute protein PIWI controls mobilization of retrotransposons in the Drosophila male germline.

Vagin VV, Sigova A, Li C, Seitz H, Gvozdev V, Zamore PD. A distinct small RNA pathway silences selfish genetic elements in the germline. Saito K, Nishida KM, Mori T, Kawamura Y, Miyoshi K, Nagami T, Siomi H, Siomi MC. Specific association of Piwi with rasiRNAs derived from retrotransposon and heterochromatic regions in the Drosophila genome.

Human LINE retrotransposons generate processed pseudogenes. Dewannieux M, Esnault C, Heidmann T. LINE-mediated retrotransposition of marked Alu sequences. The chemical repertoire of natural ribozymes. Salehi-Ashtiani K, Luptak A, Litovchick A, Szostak JW.

A genomewide search for ribozymes reveals an HDV-like sequence in the human CPEB3 gene. The kilobase genome of the bacterial endosymbiont Carsonella. Perez-Brocal V, Gil R, Ramos S, Lamelas A, Postigo M, Michelena JM, Silva FJ, Moya A, Latorre A. A small microbial genome: the end of a long symbiotic relationship? Andersson SG. The bacterial world gets smaller. Shigenobu S, Watanabe H, Hattori M, Sakaki Y, Ishikawa H. Genome sequence of the endocellular bacterial symbiont of aphids Buchnera sp.

Tamas I, Klasson L, Canback B, Naslund AK, Eriksson AS, Wernegreen JJ, Sandstrom JP, Moran NA, Andersson SG. van Ham RC, Kamerbeek J, Palacios C, Rausell C, Abascal F, Bastolla U, Fernandez JM, Jimenez L, Postigo M, Silva FJ, Tamames J, Viguera E, Latorre A, Valencia A, Moran F, Moya A. Reductive genome evolution in Buchnera aphidicola. Tsuchida T, Koga R, Fukatsu T.

Host plant specialization governed by facultative symbiont. Wu D, Daugherty SC, Van Aken SE, Pai GH, Watkins KL, Khouri H, Tallon LJ, Zaborsky JM, Dunbar HE, Tran PL, Moran NA, Eisen JA. Metabolic complementarity and genomics of the dual bacterial symbiosis of sharpshooters.

RNA truncation by premature polyadenylation attenuates human mobile element activity. D55 may be embedded. Subsequent input through the page is tagged with the transaction ID, which allows the application to establish the appropriate context for that user’s input.

A common example is adding an item from a preprinted catalog page to a user’s virtual “shopping cart. This is to prevent different application providers from easily correlating the behavior data stored individually. Whenever a user activates a hyperlink tagged with the “registered” attribute, the netpage page server tells the netpage registration server the associated application ID 64 along with the pen ID 61 and the alias ID Request to be translated into.

The alias ID is then submitted to the hyperlink application. Can be done. The system records the user’s consent to receive subscription issues as well as the expected frequency of issues.

Each document and content object has one or more resource descriptions The resource description is a Dublin Core metadata element group designed to facilitate the discovery of electronic resources. data element set. Dublin Core Metadata conforms to the World Wide Web Consortium W3C Resource Description Framework RDF. When the user prints the copyrighted content, the netpage system automatically transfers the royalty fee from the user to the rights holder.

Communication Protocols Communication protocols define the regular exchange of messages between each entity. In the Netpage system, entities such as pens, printers and servers utilize a set of defined protocols to cooperatively handle user interactions with the Netpage system. Each entity is represented by a rectangle that contains the name of that entity and a vertical column that represents the lifeline of that entity.

During the time an entity exists, its lifeline is represented as a dotted line. During the time the entity is active, lifelines are shown as double lines. Since each protocol considered here does not create or destroy an entity, each lifeline is generally stopped as soon as the entity ceases to participate in the protocol. Many users may subscribe to subscriptions.

Each user version can be laid out separately, but many user versions share common content such as text and image objects. The subscription delivery protocol thus delivers the document structure to individual printers via pointcast, but delivers the shared content object via multicast.

The application then sends each document structure, including the document ID and page description, to the page server 10 inviting the document’s newly assigned ID. The structure is the application ID 64 of the application itself and the alias ID 65 of the subscriber. The application signs the message using its private signing key.

Obtain D62, which can be explicitly selected for the application or can be the user’s default printer, and the application’s credentials.

If the application ID and alias ID do not work together to identify the subscription contract , the page server’s request to the registration server is unsuccessful.

The page description contains the appropriate group of multicast channel names that the printer should listen to. Once the application has distributed all the document structure to the printer of the subscriber’s choice via the appropriate page server, the application will multicast a subset of the various shared objects on the previously selected multicast channel.

Each page server and each printer monitors each appropriate multicast channel and receives each content object it needs. Each page server and each printer may then populate the previously pointcast document structure. This allows each page server to add a complete document to their database and each printer to print each document. When a user clicks on a netpage with a netpage pen, the pen communicates the click to the nearest netpage printer This click identifies the page and its location on the page.

The printer has already recognized the pen ID 61 of the pen from the pen connection protocol. The network address of the If the user has recently interacted with the same page, the address is already in its cache. The printer then transmits the pen ID, its own printer ID 62, the page ID, and the click position to the page server. Assuming that the appropriate input element is the hyperlink element , the page server will obtain the next associated application ID 64 and link ID 54, and also the network address of the application server running the application Determined via DNS.

The hyperlink request records each ID of the requesting user and printer and identifies the clicked hyperlink instance The page server then sends its server ID 53, hyperlink request ID and link ID to the application. The application then requests the above document for the page server 10b which invites the newly assigned ID of the document, the ID of the page server making the request.

And send with hyperlink request ID. If the hyperlink request is stale or is for a different application, the first page server rejects the request. To the request printer. This causes the application to establish a transaction-specific context for hyperlink activation. To obtain not only the user ID corresponding to the pen ID, but also the alias ID 65 corresponding to the application ID and the user ID. The first page server includes the alias ID in the message sent to the application so that the application can establish a user-specific context for the hyperlink activation.

This stroke identifies the page and the path on the page. The page server loads the page description 5 identified by the page ID and determines which input element area 58, if any, the stroke intersects. Given that the appropriate input element is text field , the page server appends the stroke to the digital ink in the text field.

Send to 1. The registration server identifies the user corresponding to the pen and uses the user’s stored handwriting model to decode the stroke as handwritten text. Once the registration server has converted the strokes into text, the registration server returns the text to the requesting page server.

The page server appends the text to the text value of the text field. At 80, the page server 10 appends the stroke to the digital ink in the signature field. Send to. The page server also sends the application ID 64 associated with the form of which the signature field is a part and the current data content of the form.

The registration server identifies the user corresponding to the pen and uses the user’s dynamic signature biometric value to match the stroke as the user’s signature. Once the registration server has verified the signature, the registration server uses the application ID 64 and the user ID 60 to identify the user’s application-specific private signature key. The registration server then uses the key to generate a digital signature for the form data and sends the digital signature back to the requesting page server.

The page server assigns the digital signature to the signature field and freezes the status of the associated form. The digital signature includes the alias ID 65 of the corresponding user. This allows a single form to capture the signatures of multiple users. Form submission occurs by activating the form hyperlink. It therefore follows the protocol defined in Section 5. If the above form contains any signature fields, the application shall use the alias I associated with the corresponding digital signature.

By extracting D65 and obtaining the corresponding certificate from the registration server 11, Match each signature field. In an electronic commerce environment, fees and commissions n may be paid from the application provider to the issuer for clickthroughs, transactions and sales. A “fee-related fee” and a “fee-related fee” may also be paid from the issuer to the printer provider.

Used to route the credits of the. If the target application needs to make a transfer to the source application provider, the target application sends a credit to the application provider to the original page server along with the hyperlink request ID. The page server identifies the source application using the hyperlink request ID, and the source application ID 64, the server ID 53 of its own, and the above-mentioned hyperlink request ID, and sends the credit to the appropriate registration server The registration server transfers money to the account of the corresponding application provider.

The registration server also notifies the application provider. The page server uses the hyperlink request ID to identify the printer and sends the credit along with the printer ID to the appropriate registration server.

The registration server transfers money to the corresponding printer provider account Netpage Pen Description 6. It comprises a housing in the form of a plastic molding. In operation, the pen top is rotatably attached to one end of the housing A semi-transparent cover is fixed to the opposite end of the housing The cover is also made of molded plastic and is made of a translucent material so that the state of the LED mounted in the housing can be visually recognized by the user.

The cover is the housing 1 02, the main portion substantially surrounding the end portion and the corresponding slot 1 projecting rearwardly from the main portion and formed in the wall of the housing A radio antenna is mounted behind the protruding portion in the housing The thread surrounding the aperture A on the cover is arranged to receive a metal end piece having a corresponding thread The metal end piece is removable so that the ink cartridge can be replaced.

The antenna is also mounted on the flexible PCB The status LED is mounted on the top of the pen so that the status LED can be clearly seen from the surrounding area. In the housing , an ink pen cartridge having a nib and a stylus having a stylus nib are mounted side by side. Rotation of the pen tip may feed either the ink cartridge nib or the stylus nib forward through the open end of the metal end piece Slider blocks and are attached to the ink cartridge and the stylus , respectively.

A rotatable cam barrel is secured to the pen tip during operation and is arranged to rotate with the pen tip The cam barrel comprises a cam in the form of a slot in a wall of the cam barrel. Cam followers and protruding from slider blocks and fit into cam slots Upon rotation of the cam barrel , the slider blocks or move relative to each other to cause either the nib or the stylus nib via the open end in the metal end piece There are three states in which 1 is not exposed.

The second flexible PCB is fitted with an infrared LED that projects infrared radiation onto the surface.

An image sensor is mounted on the second flexible PCB to receive the reflected infrared light from the surface. Second flexible PCB Also attached is a radio frequency chip that includes an RF transmitter and RF receiver, and a controller chip that controls the operation of the pen An optical block made of molded transparent plastic sits in the cover , An infrared beam is projected on the surface and the image is received by the image sensor Each component on the second flexible PCB is connected to a battery contact mounted in the cam barrel by a power supply wire The battery contact and the cam cylinder are connected by a terminal Inside the cam barrel , A 3 volt rechargeable battery is seated to contact the battery contacts.

An inductive charging coil is mounted around the second flexible PCB to allow recharging of the battery by induction. The second flexible PCB also includes a stylus or ink cartridge 11 to allow measurement of the force applied to the surface by the nib or stylus nib An infrared LED and an infrared photodiode are also mounted to detect displacement in the cam barrel when any of the eight is used for writing.

The IR photodiode detects the light from the IR LED via a reflector not shown mounted on the slider blocks , The pen is positioned to record location data from the closest location tag and to calculate the distance from the location tab to the nib or using optics and controller chip Packaged for. When the pen moves out of the valid range, the digital ink data is buffered in the pen the circuitry of the pen is arranged to store the digital ink data for about 12 minutes of pen movement on the surface.

Including the buffer , which can be sent later. The bus enables the exchange of data between the components of the controller chip Flash memory and KB DRAM are also included. A transceiver controller and a baseband circuit are also provided to interface to an RF circuit connected to the antenna and an RF chip including an RF resonator and inductor It is integrated in the IC.

The analog RF components RF circuit and RF resonator and inductor are located in a separate RF chip. r for Miniature Camera System , the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference. The control device ASIC is It incorporates a dedicated circuit for monitoring the force sensor photodiode that wakes up the controller via the power manager in the event of a pen down event.

licensed MHz band or license-free 2. IrDA interface. Each accelerometer is shown in FIGS. At 0 it is shown with a ghost contour. The location tag ID can then identify the object of interest rather than its position on the surface. For example, if the object is a user interface input element e. Since the starting position of the stroke is unknown, only the relative position within the stroke is calculated. Position integration accumulates errors in the sensed acceleration, but accelerometers generally have high resolution and the stroke in which the errors are accumulated has a short duration.

Description of Netpage Printer 7. Are shown fully assembled. In the printer, the paper is full color and full bleed. Uses a straight paper path through duplex printing engines , that print both sides of the sheet simultaneously. This can produce a final bound document that can range in thickness from one to several hundred sheets. It has a bag or a chamber. The cartridge also includes a micro air filter within the base molding.

This micro air filter is connected to the air pump 6 inside the printer via a hose By incorporating the air filter in the cartridge, the operational life of the filter is effectively linked to the life of the cartridge. The ink cartridge has 3, pages 1 , sheets and is a completely recyclable product. Push out. The paper is pulled into the first print engine by an integral power pickup roller The position and size of the sheet are detected, and full bleed printing is started.

The fixative is printed at the same time to help dry in the shortest possible time. Exits the registered trademark print engine The printed page is between a driven spike wheel shaft with a supporting fibrous roller and another movable shaft with both a spike wheel and a temporary action adhesive wheel.

Pass through. This cam shaft is driven by another motor. This shaft is connected to an adhesive wheel that absorbs the adhesive by capillary action through the radial holes. The adhesive wheel is surrounded by a molded housing with an opening in the front. Pivoting side moldings and spring outer doors are attached to the metal brackets and swing outwardly when the rest of the assembly is pushed forward.

This action exposes the adhesive wheel through the front of the molded housing During periods of inactivity, tension springs close the assembly and effectively cover the adhesive wheel.

Device , baseband circuit , RF circuit and RF resonator and inductor , dual raster image processor RIP DSP , duplex engine control devices a, b, flash memory , and 64 MB DRAM 6 It consists of The control processor comprises an intermediate performance general purpose microprocessor.

The control processor communicates with the print engine controller via the high speed serial bus The double-sided printing engine control device simultaneously prints on both sides of the sheet. This is copied to the main memory at boot time. The analog RF components RF circuit and RF resonator and inductor are located within a separate RF chip The network interface module is a separate entity because each netpage printer allows factory-selected or field-selected network connections.

Flash memory and 2x Mbit 64 MB DRAM are also off-chip. Each print engine controller is provided in each separate ASIC. Internet interfaces for netpage networks include POTS modems, hybrid coaxial fiber HFC cable modems, ISDN modems, DSL modems, satellite transceivers, current and next generation cellular telephone transceivers, and wireless local loop WLL transceiver. Local interfaces include IEEE parallel port , 10Base-T and Base-T Ethernet, USB and USB 2.

If an internet connection is available on the local network, the local network interface can be used as the netpage network interface. Communicate in band and use frequency hopping and collision detection to provide interference-free communication. In an alternative embodiment, the printer uses an IrDA interface for short range communication with a properly configured netpage pen. Run the software. The main processor stores each compressed page image in memory.

The simplest way to load balance multiple DSPs is to rasterize a separate page for each DSP. Each DSP can be kept busy at all times, as roughly any number of rasterized pages can be stored in memory. This strategy only makes the DSP less available when rasterizing short documents. Although it is rasterized into, this bitmap is losslessly compressed to a negligible size and forms part of the compressed page image.

Each tag encodes a page ID, tag ID and control bits, and the data content of each tag is generated during rasterization and stored in the compressed page image. Each print engine controller stores the compressed page image in its local memory and initiates page expansion and the print pipeline. A single page is loaded into DRAM via high speed serial interface , while a previously loaded page is read from DRAM and passed through the print engine controller pipeline.

When the printing of the above page is finished, the page just loaded is printed and another page is loaded. The second stage dithers the contone CMYK layer at and composites a bilevel black layer on the generated bilevel CMYK layer at Most of these line buffers are off-chip DR It is stored in AM.

The motors and are controlled. Therefore, the line speed li of 8. A line speed of However, one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that many other embodiments than the specifically described are within the spirit and scope of the invention. Therefore, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the particular embodiments described herein, including applications and documents which are incorporated by cross-reference as appropriate.

The scope of the invention is limited only by the appended claims. Schematic of form submission protocol. Prepare 【0298】 6.2 ペン制御装置 ペン101は、そのペン先(スタイラスのペン先121もしくはインクカート リッジのペン先119)の近傍の面の領域を赤外線スペクトルで作像することに より、該ペン先の位置を決定すべく配置される。該ペンは、最も近い所在位置タ グからの所在位置データを記録し、且つ、光学機器135および制御装置チップ 134を利用して所在位置タブからペン先121もしくは119までの距離を計 算すべく配置される。制御装置チップ134は、作像化タグに関して観察された 遠近の歪曲から、ペンの配向とペン先/タグ間距離とを計算する。 6.

An interface surface comprising information about computer software, comprising coded data representing at least one interaction element relating to computer software, and identification data representing a user’s ID, operable on the interface surface.

Computer software running in the user and computer system via a sensing device that senses display data representative of at least one interaction element using at least some of the coded data when positioned.

And b receiving display data from the sensing device, the method comprising the steps of: a receiving identification data from the sensing device; At least one dialogue element from the display data And d identifying user data from the identification data, and e operating computer software according to instructions at least partially dependent on the user data and associated with at least one interaction element.

A method comprising: 【請求項2】 ユーザとコンピュータシステムで作動するコンピュータソフ トウェアとの対話を可能にする方法であって、 コンピュータソフトウェアに関する情報と、コンピュータソフトウェアに関す る少なくとも1個の対話エレメントを表すコード化データとを含むインタフェー ス面を提供するステップと、 コンピュータシステムにおいて、 (a)検知装置から識別データを受信するステップと、検知装置が識別データ を含み、その識別データはユーザのIDを表すことと、 (b)検知装置から表示データを受信するステップと、検知装置が、インタフ ェース面に対して作動可能な位置に配された場合に、コード化データの少なくと も幾つかを用いて、表示データを検知し、その表示データは少なくとも1個の対 話エレメントを表すことと、 (c)表示データから少なくとも1個の対話エレメントを識別するステップと 、 (d)識別データからユーザデータを識別するステップと、 (e)ユーザデータに少なくとも部分的に依存し、かつ少なくとも1個の対話 エレメントに関連付けられた命令に従ってコンピュータソフトウェアを作動させ るステップとを備える方法。 2.

A method for enabling interaction between a user and computer software running on a computer system, the interface comprising information about the computer software and coded data representing at least one interaction element about the computer software.

Providing a surface, in a computer system: a receiving identification data from the detection device, the detection device including identification data, the identification data representing a user’s ID, and b the detection device. Receiving display data from the display device and detecting the display data using at least some of the encoded data when the detection device is located in an operable position relative to the interface surface.

Represent at least one dialog element C identifying at least one interaction element from the display data, d identifying user data from the identification data, e at least partially dependent on the user data, and at least one Operating computer software according to instructions associated with the interactive element of. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the user data is A method that can be identified by both identification data and display data.

The method according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the coded data, and thus the display data, represents an interface surface ID and at least one reference point of the interface surface. The method of claim 4, wherein the sensing device produces movement data representative of movement of the sensing device relative to an interface surface, the method comprising receiving the movement data at a computer system.

The method of claim 1, 2 or 5, wherein the interaction element is a hyperlink element for computer software, the method comprising: in a computer system, an operation associated with the hyperlink element. A method that includes performing steps.

The method of claim 6, including the step of transmitting, in a computer system, data representing hyperelements to computer software. The method of claim 8 including the step of transmitting data representing the selected object to computer software.

The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the interactive element is a checkbox field for computer software, the method comprising: in a computer system, a user inputting a hand-drawn mark. The step of identifying by the sensing device and the computer system, Performing an operation associated with the checkbox field. The method of claim 10 including the step of associating a check box field with a true value in a computer system.

The method of claim 10 including the step of transmitting, in a computer system, data representing at least check box fields to computer software. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the interactive element is a text field for computer software. In the computer system, the step of identifying by the detection device that the user has input handwritten text data, and in the computer system, Performing an operation associated with the text field. The method of claim 13, including the step of converting handwritten text data into computer text in a computer system.

The method of claim 14 including the step of associating computer text with a text field in a computer system. The method of claim 13 including the step of transmitting, in a computer system, data representing at least a text field to computer software. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein the interactive element is a signature field for computer software, the method detecting in a computer system that a user has entered a handwritten signature. A method including identifying by a device and performing, in a computer system, an operation associated with a signature field.

The method of claim 17, including the step of verifying in the computer system that the signature is the signature of the user. A method comprising generating a digital signature of data. The method of claim 19, including the step of associating a digital signature with a signature field in a computer system.

The method of claim 17, comprising transmitting, in a computer system, data representing at least a signature field to computer software.

The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the interactive element is a drawing field for computer software, the method comprising: in a computer system, detecting by a user that a hand-drawn figure has been input. A method comprising the steps of identifying and performing an operation associated with a drawing field in a computer system. If the target page does not contain a page server command element for the specified page server command, that command is ignored.

The page server does not execute the page server command, but activates the hyperlink associated with the hyperlink group. A hidden command element does not have an input area on the page and therefore cannot be activated directly by the user. The logo also acts as a copy button.

In many cases, pressing a logo produces a copy of the page. For forms, the button generates a copy of the entire form. In addition, in the case of a secure document such as a ticket or coupon, the button derives an annotation note or advertisement page. The specific copy function is handled by linking the logo button to the application. When pressed, the button derives a single page of information: -Printer connection status ・ Status of printer consumables ・ Top-level help menu ・ Document function menu -Top level netpage network directory.

The document function menu includes the following functions. The status of the document indicates when and when the document was published, to whom it was distributed, and to whom and when it was subsequently submitted as a form. The operator can find the desired document and route it to the user’s printer.

Personal issue model In the following description, news is used as a standard publishing example illustrating the personalization mechanism in the netpage system. In many cases, news is used in the limited sense of newspaper and newsletter news, but the scope contemplated here is wider. The editorial content is personalized according to the interest profile explicitly stated by the reader and the implicitly captured interest profile. Advertising content is personalized according to the reader’s regionality and statistical data.

News publications are tabulated and edited by publishers, while news streams are tabulated by news publishers or specialized news aggregators. News publications typically correspond to traditional newspapers and current magazines, while news streams can be “raw” news feeds from news services, satire comic strips, freewriter columns, friend bulletin boards, or , As diverse as reader-owned emails, and can vary.

By processing the aggregation of the news stream selected directly by the reader, and thus processing the format, the server can place the advertisement on a page that has no editorial content.

The created daily version is printed and combined into a single newspaper. Each person in the home typically expresses their various interests and preferences by selecting various daily publications and then customizing them. Certain columns are issued daily and other columns are issued weekly.

Can be mentioned. The set of available columns is specific to the issue and is a predefined subset. Custom fields may be generated to monitor news feeds for email and friend announcements “Personal” or for specific topics “Warning” or “Clipping”. or numerically ie, as a percentage. Each article is ideally written or edited in both a single sentence form and a long sentence form to support this preference. The appropriate version is chosen depending on the reader’s age.

By default, they are distributed to all relevant subscribers in priority order, subject to spatial constraints in the subscriber’s version. This then applies to articles that have a sufficiently long lifetime.

Each article suitable for collaborative filtering is printed with a rating button at the end of the article. The reader optionally specifies a serendipity factor, either qualitatively eg, wanting to be surprised or not to be surprised or numerically. The higher the serendipity coefficient, the lower the threshold used for matching during collaborative filtering.

If the coefficient is large, the possibility that the corresponding column is embedded in the capacity specified by the reader increases. Different serendipity factors may be specified for each day of the week. The speed of the reader’s Internet connection affects the quality of the images that can be distributed.

The reader selectively specifies a preference for fewer images, smaller images, or both. If the number or size of images is not reduced, each image can be distributed with lower quality ie, lower resolution or further compression. This includes specifying the unit to be English or metric, local time zone and time format, and localization consisting of local currency and on-the-fly translations or annotations.

These preferences are derived from the reader’s location by default. Therefore, both text and images are enlarged and less information is contained on each page.

However, the netpage system may be configured to provide an automatic translation service with various appearances. For example, a travel advertisement is more likely to appear in the travel column than in other places. The value of editorial content for advertisers and hence for publishers lies in the ability to attract large numbers of readers with the correct statistical data.

Locations determine specific interests and issues regarding specific services, proximity to retailers, etc. According to statistical data, the general interest and interest and possible consumption patterns are determined.

It is a multidimensional entity to be determined. For each column, the approximate multidimensional size of the saleable advertising space of the issue is calculated. Thus, the advertising space can be sold at almost its true value. Since the netpage publishing server automatically handles personalization and localization, advertising aggregators can provide arbitrarily broad coverage for both geographic and statistical data.

Subsequent distribution is automatic and efficient. Thereby, the issuer can use the advertisement aggregator more cost-effectively than receiving the advertisement directly.

The ad aggregater receives a certain percentage of advertising revenue, but the issuer will understand that the change profit will not change due to the higher efficiency of the aggregate. The advertisement totalizer acts as an intermediary between the advertiser and the issuer, and can place the same advertisement on a plurality of publications.

If the maximum complexity of negotiations between advertisers, ad aggregators and publishers is ignored, the preferred form of the netpage system is to support these negotiations, such as support for automated auctions of advertising space. Provide constant support. It is particularly desirable to automate the placement of advertisements that generate a small amount of revenue, such as slightly or highly localized advertisements.

Correspondingly, the issuer records the ad placement on the appropriate netpage issue server. When the netpage issue server lays out each user’s personalized issue, the server retrieves the appropriate advertisement from the netpage advertisement server. A collaborative filtering vector consists of user ratings for a number of news items.

It is used to correlate different user interests to make recommendations. While there are advantages to maintaining a single collaborative filtering vector independent of any particular issue, there are two more practical reasons to maintain separate vectors for each issue.

is there. That is, there may be more overlap between each subscriber’s vector for the same issue than between each subscriber’s vector for a different issue, and the issue may not be seen elsewhere. We want to show the collaborative filtering vector for each user of the publication as part of the value of the product brand. The collaborative filtering vector is therefore also maintained by the appropriate netpage publishing server.

Display preferences such as quantity, date and time are also global and are similarly retained. Depends on the organism. Keep the relationship.

For registration purposes, the issuer is a special kind of application provider and the publication is a special kind of application. At 66 Each user has a single default printer to which periodic publications are distributed by default, while pages printed on demand are distributed via the printer with which the user interacts. The server has information on which issuer the user has permitted to print on the user’s default printer.

Instead of recording the ID of any particular printer, the issuer determines that ID if necessary. This permission can be revoked at any time by the user.

Each user can have several pens , but the pen is unique to a single user. If the user is allowed to use a particular printer, the printer recognizes all of the user’s pens. Since web terminal can be allowed to print on a particular netpage printer, web pages and netpage documents encountered during web browsing can be conveniently printed on the nearest printer.

Such revenue includes advertising fees, click-through fees, electronic commerce fees and transaction fees. If the printer is owned by a user, the user is a printer provider. The list is maintained by the system on behalf of the user.

It is organized as a hierarchy of folders , but its preferred embodiment is shown in the class conceptual diagram of FIG. accessed by the user via the netpage system on behalf of each user. It is organized as a date ordered list and its preferred embodiment is shown in the class conceptual diagram of FIG. Since most advertisements are in the form of preformatted rectangles, they are placed on the page prior to the editorial content.

The above algorithm is the content of articles related to do-it-yourself roof repairs, so it is configured to attempt close placement of closely related editorial and advertising content, especially placing advertisements for roofing materials in the publication. Is done. In order to more faithfully achieve the column size preference indicated by the user, once the layout has converged, the entire process, such as advertisement selection and editorial content selection, must be repeated.

However, the column size preferences are averaged over time and can allow for considerable daily changes. The main efficient mechanism is to separate the unique information of single user edits from the information shared by multiple user edits.

The specific information is a page layout. The shared information includes objects referred to by a page layout, such as images, graphics, and text. XSL precisely controls the text format in this case independent of the area provided by the layout and where the text is set.

The text object includes an embedded language code that enables automatic translation, and an embedded hyphenation hint that assists in paragraph formatting. Graphic objects encode 2D graphics in the scalable vector graphics SVG format.

These layout objects are summarized in Table 3. The layout uses a compact format suitable for efficient distribution and storage. The server then pointscasts each user’s layout to the user’s printer via an appropriate page server, and when the pointcast is complete, multicasts the shared content on the specific channel. Each page server and printer receives the pointcast and then subscribes to the multicast channel specified in the page layout.

During multicast, each page server and printer extracts the object referenced by its page layout from the multicast stream. Each page server permanently archives the received page layout and shared content.

Assuming that one quarter of each page is covered with an image, the average page size is less than KB. Therefore, the printer holds pages or more of such pages in its internal 64 MB memory, and allows a temporary buffer or the like. This is equivalent to KB or about 3 Mbits of page data per second, similar to the maximum expected speed of page data distribution on a broadband network.

However, if the internal memory of the printer is full, multicast cannot be used even when multicast occurs for the first time. Therefore, the netpage issuing server allows the printer to submit a re-multicast request. When a critical number of requests is received or a timeout occurs, the server re-multicasts the corresponding shared object. However, since there is no shared content, distribution is performed directly to the requesting printer without using multicast.

A netpage formatting server is a special instance of a netpage issuing server. The netpage formatting server recognizes various Internet document formats such as Adobe’s Portable Document Format PDF , and Hypertext Markup Language HTML. In the case of HTML, the higher resolution of the printed page can be used to represent the web page with a table of contents in a multi-column format. It can automatically include all web pages linked directly to the requested page.

The user can adjust this behavior by preference. The server hides the relevant information of various document formats for both the netpage printer and the netpage page server, and hides the relevant information of the netpage system for the web server. Security 3. In the widespread use, there are two types of cipher creation methods, a secret key cipher creation method and a public key cipher creation method.

The netpage network uses both types of cryptography. The two parties who intend to exchange messages must first arrange to secretly exchange the secret key. These two keys are mathematically related such that any message encrypted using one key can only be decrypted using the other key.

Then one of these keys is made public and the other key is kept private. The public key is used to encrypt any message intended for the holder of the private key.

If encrypted using the public key, the message can only be decrypted using the private key. Thus, two parties can exchange messages confidentially without first exchanging secret keys. To ensure that the private key is confidential, the private key holder typically generates a key pair. The private key holder can generate a known hash of the message and then encrypt the hash using the private key.

Any party can then use the public key to decrypt the encrypted hash and verify the hash for the specific message so that the encrypted hash holds the private key for the specific message.

If the signature is appended to the message, the recipient of the message can confirm both that the message is authentic and that it has not been tampered with during transmission and reception. This is typically done using a certificate and a certificate authority. The certificate issuing authority is a third party entrusted to authenticate the relationship between the public key and the ID of the person concerned.

The certificate issuing authority verifies the ID document and collates the ID of the subject, and then generates and signs a digital certificate including the details of the subject’s ID and the public key. Those who trust the certificate issuing authority may use the public key in the certificate with a high degree of authenticity.

These persons only have to verify that the certificate is actually signed by a certificate issuing authority whose public key is known. Private key cryptography is used for all other purposes. By definition, a session key can have an arbitrarily short lifetime.

The first ID 62 is public and uniquely identifies the printer on the netpage network. The second ID is secret and is used when the printer is first registered on the network. The printer secretly transmits the secret ID and the public key to the netpage registration server. The server compares the secret ID with the printer’s secret ID recorded in its database and accepts registration if each ID matches. The server then generates and signs a certificate including the printer’s public ID and public signature key, and stores the certificate in the registration database.

All documents sent to the printer via the page server are addressed to a specific user and signed by the publisher using the publisher’s private signature key.

The page server confirms that the issuer is permitted to distribute the issue to the specific user via the registration database. The page server verifies the signature using the issuer’s public key obtained from the issuer’s certificate stored in the registration database. The pen ID 61 uniquely identifies the pen on the netpage network. The pen communicates with the printer via a radio frequency signal if it is within the effective range of the printer. If pens and printers are registered, they periodically exchange session keys.

Whenever the pen sends digital ink to the printer, the digital ink is encrypted using the appropriate session key. Digital ink is never sent in clear text. Both have a large but finite storage capacity for each session key, and the most recently used session key is lost if necessary. If they do not recognize each other, the printer determines whether it should recognize the pen. This is because, for example, the pen may belong to a user registered to use the printer. If the printer is intended to recognize the pen but does not recognize it, the printer starts an automatic pen registration process.

If the printer is not intended to recognize the pen, the printer agrees to ignore the pen until it is placed in the charging cup, and once it is placed The printer starts the registration process. This key exchange key is also recorded in the netpage registration server database at the time of manufacture. During registration, the pen sends its pen ID to the printer, and the printer sends the pen ID to the netpage registration server.

The server generates a session key for use by the printer and pen and secretly sends the session key to the printer. The server also sends a copy of the session key encrypted with the pen’s key exchange key. The printer internally stores the session key indexed by pen ID and sends the encrypted session key to the pen. The pen internally stores the session key indexed by the printer ID. When an unregistered pen is registered for the first time, the pen is of limited use until linked to the user.

Registered but not owned pens can request and fill out netpage user and pen registration forms, register new users to which new pens are automatically linked, or existing users of new pens It is allowed to be used only for addition to The pen uses private key encryption rather than public key due to hardware performance limitations in the pen.

The netpage printer includes a device that prints a watermark, but only when requested by an appropriately authorized issuer. The issuer indicates the authority to print the watermark pattern on the issuer’s certificate that the printer can authenticate. Each back-to-back page includes a mirror image watermark area that matches when printed. The dither matrix used on the odd and even pages is designed to produce an interference effect when each region is viewed together, as achieved by watermarking through the printed sheet.

Each page of a confidential document cannot be copied using the built-in netpage copy mechanism described in Section 1. This also extends to the copying of the netpage on the copier recognized by the netpage. Thus, these documents may include a picture of the user obtained when the user registers biometric information with the netpage registration server as described in Section 2 above.

The unique ID of a confidential document is only valid for the lifetime of that document, and the confidential document ID is assigned non-sequentially, preventing it from being predicted by accidental creators. In order to support easy document matching at the time of presentation, a pen can be developed for matching confidential documents with built-in feedback in case of unsuccessful matching.

They simply present a considerable obstacle to easy counterfeiting. In particular, online document collation using a collation pen adds a level of security when necessary, but is not completely counterfeited against forgery. Therefore, the recipient cannot refuse the distribution. As described in Section 4, payments for electronic commerce made through the above system can also be rejected by the payee.

E-commerce model 4. A SET developed by MasterCard and Visa is structured with respect to a payment card, which is reflected in the terminology. However, many of the above systems do not depend on the type of account used. The certificate issuing authority verifies the registration details of the card holder by the card issuer if appropriate, and verifies the registration details of the store by the acquirer if appropriate. Cardholders and merchants store their private signature keys secretly in their computers.

During the payment process, these certificates are used to mutually authenticate the merchant and cardholder and to authenticate both to the payment gateway. An interim solution that keeps the cardholder’s key and certificate on the server and allows the cardholder to be accessed via a password has had some success. Since the system is pen-based, the biometric value used is the user’s online signature consisting of pen position and pressure that change over time.

Although more expensive, fingerprint biometrics can also be used by designing a fingerprint sensor in the pen. The type of biometric used is not an authorization aspect of the system, but only affects the acquisition of biometric material. This is done, for example, in a management environment such as a bank where biometric values can be captured at the same time the user’s ID is verified. Biometric values are captured and stored in the registration database and linked to the user’s record.

User photos are also selectively captured and linked to the record. The SET cardholder registration process is completed and the resulting private signature key and certificate are stored in the database. User payment card information is also stored, and sufficient information is provided to the netpage registration server to act as a user’s agent in any SET payment transaction.

Send confidentially. The server verifies the biometric value for the user identified by the pen ID and thereafter acts as the user’s agent in completing the SET payment transaction. The latter depends on the level of reward already provided to the user. The user can periodically receive a statement and settle any outstanding balance using a standard payment mechanism. The network account is expanded to aggregate subscription fees for periodicals, which are also presented to the user in the form of individual statements.

Subsequent input through the page is tagged with the transaction ID, which allows the application to establish an appropriate context for the user’s input. However, in order to protect user privacy, the unique user ID 60 recognized by the netpage system is not disclosed to each application. This is to prevent various application providers from easily correlating individually stored behavior data.

The alias ID is then submitted to the hyperlink application. The system records the consent of the user receiving the reservation issue and the expected issue frequency.

Each document and content object may be described by one or more resource descriptions The resource description uses a Dublin Core metadata element set designed to facilitate discovery of electronic resources.

Dublin Core metadata follows the World Wide Web Consortium W3C Resource Description Framework RDF. The netpage system automatically transfers the copyright usage fee from the user to the right holder when the user prints the copyrighted content.

Communication protocol The communication protocol defines a regular exchange of messages between each entity. In the netpage system, entities such as pens, printers, and servers use a set of definition protocols to cooperatively handle user interactions with the netpage system.

Each entity is represented by a rectangle containing the entity name and a vertical column representing the lifeline of the entity.

During the time an entity exists, its lifeline is represented as a dotted line. During the time that an entity is active, the lifeline is shown as a double line.

Since each protocol considered here does not create or destroy an entity, each lifeline is generally stopped as soon as the entity stops participating in the protocol.

A large number of users can subscribe to periodicals. Each user’s version can be laid out separately, but many user versions share common content such as text objects and image objects. Therefore, the subscription distribution protocol distributes the document structure to each printer via pointcast, but distributes the shared content object by multicast.

The application then sends each document structure, including the document ID and page description, to the page server 10 inviting the newly assigned ID of the document.

The structure includes the application’s own application ID 64, the subscriber’s alias ID 65, and the appropriate group of multicast channel names. The application signs the message using its private signature key.